स्वस्थ्य एवं संतुलित भारत के प्रयास में भागिदार बनें। अपने शरीर को एवं उसकी आवश्यकतओं को संतुलित दृष्टि से समझें। दाम्पत्य जीवन रुमानी बनाएं एवं यौन रोगों से बचें। अपने रुची का परिवार नियोजन विधि अपनाकर देश का साथ दें।

What is menstruation?


What is menstruation?

The ovaries of a girl between the ages 10-15 years start producing a mature egg or ovum each month. The egg travels down a tube (Fallopian tube), which connects the ovary to the womb. When the egg reaches the womb, the lining becomes thick with blood and fluid. This happens so that if the egg is fertilized, it can grow and develop in the lining to produce a baby. If the egg does not meet with sperm from a male and is not fertilized, it dissolves. The thickened lining sloughs off and forms menstrual blood flow, which passes out of the body through the vagina.


What is the normal frequency of menstrual cycles?

Menstrual cycles once every month, at a frequency of   every 28 to 32 days.

What is the normal duration of a menstrual period?

While most menstrual periods last from three to five days, anywhere from two to seven days is considered normal. 

How can hygiene be maintained during periods?

Once you begin menstruating, you'll need to use  a sanitary napkin or pad something to soak up the menstrual blood. Pads are made of layers of cotton.  Some have extra material on the sides (called "wings") that fold over the edges of your underwear to better hold the pad in place and prevent leakage.


What are the types of sanitary pads?

Pads come in several different thicknesses for heavier or lighter menstrual periods or for day or nighttime use. Some pads come with a deodorant or deodorizing substance in them. All pads have a sticky strip on the bottom that helps them to adhere to your underwear.


How should a pad be used?

Pads are easy to use: You peel off the strip that covers the adhesive, press the pad into the crotch of your underwear (wrapping the wings around and sticking them under the crotch if the pad you're using has wings).


How frequently should a pad be changed?

It's best to change pads every 3 or 4 hours, even when you're not menstruating very much.  because regular changing prevents buildup of bacteria and eliminates odour. Naturally, if your period is heavy, you should change pads more often because they may get saturated more quickly.


How should a pad be disposed?

Once you've removed your pad, wrap it tightly  in a polythene  and put it in the garbage can. Don't try to flush a pad down the toilet - they're too big and may block the sewer drain.

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